America 1865-Present

This guide is an attempt to navigate students and researchers through the myriad sources that are available to study the period from the end of the Civil War until the present.


The end of the Civil War marked the start of an America driven by innovations, social reform and an economy dedicated to becoming a world power. The social, economic and political climate of the country has undergone tremendous change since the period of reconstruction, but the belief in maintaining the American ideals has remained constant to this day.   

A New Nation

Emancipation of the Negroes – The Past and the Future
(from "Harper's Weekly") 

Publication Note

This Research Guide was originally created by Professor Emeritus Sandra Roff, previously Archivist of Baruch College.