Start with S&P Netadvantage to determine what kind of company you are researching (public, private, foreign, subsidiary). Begin typing your company name in the search box on the top of the page. The database will begin to fill in the company name with the standardized name. Select that company. The "tearsheet" report should provide the type of company (Public, private, subsidiary, foreign, foreign but trading on US exchanges, etc.). The description will report what the company does and where it is located.
If public, tabs under the company name, provide links to the 10K or 20F. Links to "Research" about the company and industry can be found on the left side under the category "Research".