Alternative to SONA Assignment

For students in PSY 1001, PSY 3001, MGT 3120, MGT 3300, and other psychology classes that require students to either participate in research experiments via SONA or to do this alternative assignment.


Preferred Option: Select articles from the list of approved articles

In the box below is a list of approved articles you can use. Each article includes a link to the database where the full text may be found.

Alternative Option: Use the APA PsycInfo database to find articles on your own

  1. Use the instructions (see below) to learn how to search in the APA PsycInfo database to find empirical study articles published in peer-reviewed journals.
  2. As you select the article you would like to use, you will need to make sure that the article was published in one of the approved journals (see the box on this page listing the journals).
  3. Contact the psychology librarian (Stephen Francoeur) at any time for assistance.

Preferred Option: Approved Articles to Use

Albright, G., Fazel, M., Khalid, N., McMillan, J., Hilty, D., Shockley, K., & Joshi, S. (2022). High school educator training by simulation to address emotional and behavioral concerns in school settings: A randomized study. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 7(3), 277–289.

Bartgis, J., & Albright, G. (2016). Online role-play simulations with emotionally responsive avatars for the early detection of Native youth psychological distress, including depression and suicidal ideation. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research, 23(2), 1–27.

Bernardin, H. J. (1978). Effects of rater training on leniency and halo errors in student ratings of instructors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63(3), 301-308.

Bian, L., Leslie, S. J., & Cimpian, A. (2017). Gender stereotypes about intellectual ability emerge early and influence children’s interests. Science, 355(6323), 389-391.

Bradley, E.G., Albright, G., McMillan, J.T., & Shockley, K.M. (2019). Impact of a simulation on educator support of LGBTQ youth. Journal of LGBT Youth, 16, 317-339.

Carstensen, L. L., Turan, B., Scheibe, S., Ram, N., Ersner-Hershfield, H., Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Brooks, K. P., & Nesselroade, J. R. (2011). Emotional experience improves with age: evidence based on over 10 years of experience sampling. Psychology and Aging, 26(1), 21–33.

Huberty, J., Green, J., Glissmann, C., Larkey, L., Puzia, M., & Lee, C. (2019). Efficacy of the mindfulness meditation mobile app "Calm" to reduce stress among college students: Randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 7(6), e14273.

Hyland, S., Mackin, D. M., Goldstein, B. L., Finsaas, M. C., & Klein, D. N. (2022). Agreement, Stability, and Validity of Parent- and Youth-Reported Anxiety Symptoms from Childhood to Adolescence. Research on child and adolescent psychopathology, 50(11), 1445–1455.

Ivancevich, J. M. (1976). Effects of goal setting on performance and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61(5), 605-612.

Knowlton, B. J., Mangels, J. A., & Squire, L. R. (1996). A neostriatal habit learning system in humans. Science, 273(5280), 1399–1402.

Knowlton, W. A., & Mitchell, T. R. (1980). Effects of causal attributions on supervisor's evaluation of subordinate performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65(4), 459.

Leslie, S. J., Cimpian, A., Meyer, M., & Freeland, E. (2015). Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines. Science, 347(6219), 262-265.

Levy, B. R., Pilver, C., Chung, P. H., & Slade, M. D. (2014). Subliminal strengthening: improving older individuals' physical function over time with an implicit-age-stereotype intervention. Psychological science, 25(12), 2127–2135.

Mangels, J. A., Butterfield, B., Lamb, J., Good, C., & Dweck, C. S. (2006). Why do beliefs about intelligence influence learning success? A social cognitive neuroscience model. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(2), 75–86.

Marrero, D. G., Palmer, K. N., Phillips, E. O., Miller-Kovach, K., Foster, G. D., & Saha, C. K. (2016). Comparison of commercial and self-Initiated weight loss programs in people with prediabetes: A Randomized Control Trial. American Journal of Public Health, 106(5), 949–956.

McCabe, D. P., & Castel, A. D. (2008). Seeing is believing: The effect of brain images on judgments of scientific reasoning. Cognition, 107(1), 343-352.

Messer, M., & Linardon, J. (2021). Exploring the role of feeling fat in individuals categorized with bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder and overweight/obesity. Eating and Weight Disorders, 26(8), 2617–2623.

Miller, H. E., & Terborg, J. R. (1979). Job attitudes of part-time and full-time employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64(4), 380.

Rattan, A., & Dweck, C. S. (2010). Who confronts prejudice? The role of implicit theories in the motivation to confront prejudice. Psychological Science, 21(7), 952-959.

Snedden, T. R., Scerpella, J., Kliethermes, S. A., Norman, R. S., Blyholder, L., Sanfilippo, J., McGuire, T. A., & Heiderscheit, B. (2019). Sport and physical activity level impacts health-related quality of life among collegiate students. American Journal of Health Promotion, 33(5), 675–682.

Sommer, K. & Bernieri, F (2014). Minimizing the pain and probability of rejection: Evidence for relational distancing and proximity seeking within face-to-face interactions. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(2), 131-139.

Sommer, K.L., Parson, C., Bruno, S., & Bourgeois, M.J. (2011). Sex and need for power as predictors of reactions to disobedience. Social Influence, 7 (1), 1-19.

Young, C. B., Wu, S. S., & Menon, V. (2012). The neurodevelopmental basis of math anxiety. Psychological Science, 23(5), 492–501.

Alternative 2: Use APA PsycInfo to Find Articles on Your Own


Your instructors recommend that you use the preferred option of using articles that have been pre-selected for you. It is also allowable to search for articles yourself, but you must make sure that any article you use meets these two criteria:

  1. must be a peer-reviewed journal article
  2. must be about the results of an empirical study conducted by the authors of the article

What is an empirical study?

According to the APA, it is a "study based on facts, systematic observation, or experiment, rather than theory or general philosophical principle."

How to find empirical studies in APA PsycInfo

STEP 1: Enter your search terms

STEP 2: Scroll down to the "Publication Type" box and select "Peer Reviewed Journal"

STEP 3: Scroll down to the "Methodology" box and pick "Empirical Study"

STEP 4: Click the "Search" button

Set up of APA PsycInfo search page for empircal study articles in peer reviewed journals


Search Now in the APA PsycInfo Database

List of Approved Journals

If you are searching in APA PsycInfo on your own for articles, you may want to focus on articles found in these journals:

  • Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research
  • Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Dreaming
  • Emotion
  • Families, Systems, & Health
  • Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
  • Health Psychology
  • International Journal of Stress Management
  • Journal of Abnormal Psychology
  • Journal of Applied Psychology
  • Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology
  • Journal of Counseling Psychology
  • Journal of Diversity in Higher Education
  • Journal of Educational Psychology
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
  • Journal of Family Psychology
  • Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
  • Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
  • Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment
  • Professional Psychology: Research and Practice
  • Psychology and Aging
  • Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
  • Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
  • Psychology of Men and Masculinity
  • Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
  • Psychology, Public Policy, and Law

These journals are also acceptable:

  • American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
  • American Psychologist
  • Asian American Journal of Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science
  • Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology
  • Canadian Psychology
  • Clinician's Research Digest
  • Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research
  • Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books
  • Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology
  • History of Psychology
  • International Journal of Play Therapy
  • Journal of Comparative Psychology
  • Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
  • Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Prevention & Treatment
  • Psychoanalytic Psychology
  • Psychological Assessment
  • Psychological Bulletin
  • Psychological Methods
  • Psychological Review
  • Psychological Services
  • Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
  • Psychotherapy Theory, Research, Practice, Training
  • Rehabilitation Psychology
  • Review of General Psychology
  • School Psychology Quarterly
  • Training and Education in Professional Psychology

Need More Help?

Consult the guide to searching in APA PsycInfo

Ask the psychology librarian for help

Stephen Francoeur

Psychology Librarian

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Stephen Francoeur
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Newman Library
Room 421
Baruch College
151 E. 25th Street
New York, NY 10010