European History to WWI

This guide will help students, faculty and scholars navigate some of the many internet sites created for each of the major periods of European History, beginning with the Ancient world and ending before World War I.

European History Overview

In 3000 years, European civilization went from mostly homogeneous population groups to diverse cultures coexisting together. This transformation did not happen without conflict, and as a result European boundaries were consistenly in flux and the map of Europe was frequently redefined.  Each historical period was distinctive and has a rich story to tell. These European countries changed and adapted to the economic, political and social structure of the period and contributed to the creation of the modern world.

Map of Europe

Europe, 1595

Europe, 1595 (


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Jessica Wagner Webster
Newman Library, 523

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Publication Note

This Research Guide was originally created by Professor Emeritus Sandra Roff, previously Archivist of Baruch College.