POL 4900: Social Movements in the United States - Prof. de Graauw, Fall 2019

Newman Library databases and other resources for images, films, social media, art and music relating to social movements.

Photographs, Images and Cartoons

Photo of Mary Beth and John Tinker with black arms they wore to school to protest the Viet Nam War in 1966.

The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that teachers and students do not "shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate." (Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 393 U.S. 506 (1969.) It was a landmark decision for free speech. Despite a new school policy prohibiting wearing armbands, in 1966 Iowa students Mary Beth, 13, and John Tinker,15, and a friend, wore black armbands as mourning symbols and to hope for the end of the Viet Nam War.  They were suspended and sued, with the case going to the U.S. Supreme Court and a 7-2 decision in their favor.

Photo from the National Archives- Records of Rights.